Some Lancaster County residents who bought their own health insurance for 2018 will soon be getting big rebates in the mail.

Specifically, Highmark reported it will send checks averaging roughly $1,000 to about 5,000 households here.

Enrollees don’t have to take any action; the checks will be automatically mailed to those who are eligible, according to Highmark.

The reason?

A little-known part of the Affordable Care Act requires insurers to issue rebates or credits if they spent more than 20% of individual market premiums on administration, marketing and profit over the previous three years.

Other insurers will be issuing rebates too, but analysis by the nonprofit Kaiser Family Foundation found that Highmark is among the those that will be issuing the nation’s largest individual rebates, at more than 40,600 averaging $1,250 statewide.

The checks must be mailed by Sept. 30.

Highmark is one of four insurers offering plans in Lancaster County.

Capital BlueCross did not have county numbers for individual plan rebates but reported that statewide it will issue more than 29,000 averaging $635.

UPMC Health Plan said it does not expect to issue any rebates in Pennsylvania.

Information from Geisinger Health Plan was not immediately available Wednesday.

Bill Tuthill, Highmark’s vice president of market strategy for individual and small group markets, said in an email that Highmark has not had to pay rebates for plans before, as it experienced significant losses on them from 2014 through 2016.

Pennsylvania Health Access Network executive director Antoinette Kraus said in an email that the rebates are designed to make sure money goes toward care, and demonstrate that the health care law is working.

Joshua Brooker is CEO of Lancaster-based PA Health Advocates LLC, an agency that specializes in health insurance for individuals and businesses.

He noted that people who take the self-employed health insurance tax deduction should talk to their tax preparers in the spring about the rebate and its implications.

More details

In addition to people who used, rebates or credits will also go to those who bought qualifying individual plans directly from insurers.

Short-term plans are not subject to the health plan’s rebate requirements. Industry publication Modern Healthcare reported that one of the big national insurers selling those plans spent less than 40% of premiums on medical claims, and another paid out just 9 cents of every premium dollar for medical care.

Overall, Kaiser’s analysis showed insurers will issue individual rebates averaging about $990 to roughly 70,000 Pennsylvania households this year.

The analysis also predicts many insurers may continue to owe large rebates next year.

Nationwide, administrators said premiums rose 23% in 2017 and 31% in 2018, then dropped 1.5% in 2019.

State officials generally attributed much of the 2018 increase to the Trump administration’s actions, and many including in Pennsylvania used a series of technical maneuvers to shield some enrollees from the impact of the increases.

Final rates for 2019 have not been announced, but while statewide increase requests averaged 4.9%, Highmark asked for a slight decrease.

More information