TODAY IN HISTORY
Today is Thursday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2013. There are 292 days left in the year.
On March 14, 1923, President Warren G. Harding became the first chief executive to file an income tax return, paying a tax of $17,990 on his $75,000 salary.
On this date:
In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America's cotton industry.
In 1900, Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act.
In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation of Czech areas and the separation of Slovakia.
In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.
In 1962, Democrat Edward M. Kennedy officially launched in Boston his successful candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat from Massachusetts once held by his brother, President John F. Kennedy. (Edward Kennedy served in the Senate for nearly 47 years.)
In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, and sentenced him to death. (Both the conviction and death sentence were later overturned, but Ruby died before he could be retried.)
In 1967, the body of President John F. Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery.
In 1991, a British court overturned the wrongful convictions of the "Birmingham Six," who had spent 16 years in prison for a 1974 Irish Republican Army bombing, and ordered them released.
Ten years ago: Actor Robert Blake was released from jail on $1.5 million bail, 11 months after he was arrested on charges of murdering his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley. (Blake was later acquitted at trial).
Five years ago: Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama denounced inflammatory remarks from his pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah Wright. A tornado ripped into the Georgia Dome during the Southeastern Conference tournament, sending debris tumbling from the ceiling and prompting fans to flee.
One year ago: President Barack Obama and his wife, Michelle, hosted a White House state dinner for British Prime Minister David Cameron and his wife, Samantha.
Today's birthdays: Former astronaut Frank Borman is 85. Actor Michael Caine is 80. Composer-conductor Quincy Jones is 80. Former astronaut Eugene Cernan is 79. Actor Raymond J. Barry is 74. Rock musician Walt Parazaider (Chicago) is 68. Actor Steve Kanaly is 67. Comedian Billy Crystal is 65. Prince Albert II, the ruler of Monaco, is 55. Actress Laila Robins is 54. Actress Tamara Tunie is 54. Actress Megan Follows is 45. Rock musician Michael Bland is 44. Country singer Kristian Bush is 43. Rock musician Derrick (Jimmie's Chicken Shack) is 41. Actress Betsy Brandt is 40. Actress Grace Park is 39. Actor Jake Fogelnest is 34. Actor Chris Klein is 34. Actress Kate Maberly is 31. Singer-musician Taylor Hanson (Hanson) is 30. Actor Jamie Bell is 27.
Thought for today: "The man who does his work, any work, conscientiously, must always be in one sense a great man." -- Dinah Maria Mulock Craik, English novelist (1826-1887)