Intelligencer Journal/Lancaster New Era
Dissident: Memory sticks evade Cuba censors
PUEBLA, Mexico -- Dissident Cuban blogger Yoani Sanchez told newspaper publishers from around the Western Hemisphere that "nothing is changing" in Cuba's ossified political system and that "the situation of press freedom in my country is calamitous."
But Sanchez said underground blogs, digital portals and illicit e-magazines proliferate, passed around on removable computer drives known as memory sticks. The small computer memories, also known as flash drives or thumb drives, are dropped into friendly hands on buses and along street corners, offering a surprising number of Cubans access to information.
"Information circulates hand to hand through this wonderful gadget known as the memory stick," Sanchez said Saturday, "and it is difficult for the government to intercept them. I can't imagine that they can put a police officer on every corner to see who has a flash drive and who doesn't."
Sanchez said "these little gizmos" have "helped us a lot to pass information."
After five years of requesting travel documents to receive multiple awards outside of Cuba, Sanchez, 37, received a passport in late January and was allowed to depart on a tour of 12 countries in South America, Europe and North America. She expects to return to Cuba when her tour ends after nearly three months.
Sanchez's blog, Generation Y, is translated into more than 20 languages, and she has nearly 440,000 followers on her Twitter account.
Dissidents who come into the sights of the Cuban regime led by Raul Castro, who took over from his brother Fidel in 2008, are being repressed in ways that "don't leave fingerprints," Sanchez said.
"Often, activists, including independent journalists, are detained on the street, pulled into cars without plates, pushed, threatened (and) questioned by civilians who never identify themselves," she said, only to be freed after a few hours.
Sanchez said recent measures to loosen controls over self-employment do not mark significant change to the economic model that has kept the Castro brothers in power on the island since 1959.
"These are adjustments to prolong their power," she said.
"The Cuban system is like one of these old mansions, facing into the wind and not falling down," she said. "But one day, they want to fix the door. They take out screws, and the house collapses."